Agraria: Looking Back, Looking Forward


2018 was a year of trailblazing at Agraria! We piloted educational programs, began early research, planted cover crops, and continued to hone our long-term vision for conservation, research, and food system support.

  • Over 300 people participated in workshops on fermentation, permaculture, seed saving, wildcrafting, herbalism, soil health, land evaluation, regenerative agriculture, and carbon sequestration, as well as in visioning sessions.

  • More than 120 pre-K-12 students took part in experiential learning on Agraria’s land and in our barn and a further 50 students benefited from our support of a farm to school grant in Springfield.

  • Community Solutions’ grant writing efforts raised $109,500 towards Agraria’s educational initiatives.

  • We forged and strengthened academic, research, and outreach partnerships with 16 institutions and NGOs.

  • We kept members and friends informed with 40 emails and 209 social media posts.   

  • Our partner farmers began their work to regenerate Agraria’s soil and transition it to organic land.

  • Volunteers donated over 1000 hours of time clearing honeysuckle, assisting at events, photographing land transition, creating logos, and fundraising for Agraria.

  • Visitors to Springfield and Yellow Springs Farmer’s Markets were able to spend their SNAP benefits on local produce, thanks to our EBT machine program.

It was also a year of internal transformation, as staff and community members deepened their understanding of the importance of soil health to rebuilding ecosystems, repairing water and climate cycles, and building human health.

We look forward with excitement to 2019 and to the work we have planned, including:

  • Building our educational endeavors through a teacher training with regional educators and educating at least 600 regional students on the importance of soil health.

  • Working with The Nature Conservancy on the first steps of the restoration of Jacoby Creek and 50 acres of wetlands and riparian corridor.

We hope that you can help us celebrate these developments by joining us in 2019 for one of our workshops and events—check our calendar for details.

Thank you for your support in 2018! If you have not yet made your annual gift, please consider donating today. We are deeply grateful to all those who have helped to bring Agraria to life!

Best wishes for the New Year from all of us at Community Solutions.

Forty Acres of Farm Land in America is Lost to Development Every Hour

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Originally posted on

Written by Brian Barth

There’s a movement afoot to convert conservation land trusts into new farmer incubators.

Picture bulldozers plowing up pastures and cornfields to put in subdivisions and strip malls. Add to this picture the fact that the average age of the American farmer is nearly 60 — it’s often retiring farmers that sell to real estate developers. They can afford to pay much more for property than aspiring young farmers.

Alarmed by this trend, environmentalists back in the 1970s developed the idea to pay retiring farmers to preserve their land in a natural state rather than sell out to real estate developers.

Read more…

Agraria at the Eco-Ag Conference

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Last week, Matthew Lawson, Amy Harper, David Diamond and Glenn Gall attended the Eco-Ag Conference in Louisville, KY. The conference is organized by Acres U.S.A., a publisher and event organizer focused on regenerative agriculture. Our team was inspired by the presentations we saw and the wonderful peers we met.  Some highlights included a panel on soil health and human nutrition with Gabe Brown, Charles Massy and Fred Provenza—now we know why that incredible-tasting food fresh from the farm is so much better for you than what you get in most grocery stores! We learned about the purpose of weeds from Vail Dixon, and how farmers can use them to build soil. Joel Salatin’s keynote convincingly demonstrated that regenerative agriculture can feed the world far more efficiently and healthily than the current industrial system. Eliot Coleman inspired us by telling the amazing story of how his family carved a beautiful organic farm out of rocky land on the Maine coastline.

Dr. Nasha Winters helped us see the importance of circadian rhythms to our health, and Dan Kittredge illuminated the fundamentals of a farm’s biological system. Reginaldo Haslett-Marroquin shared his vision and early steps towards building a national regenerative agriculture industry. All the presenters were very kind and generous with their time when we introduced ourselves. Along the way, we greatly enjoyed visiting with our friends at OEFFA and meeting new friends like the composters at Rust Belt Riders in Cleveland and the school garden builders at Big Green. After three incredibly full and uplifting days, we returned to Yellow Springs and resumed our work at Agraria. We have since met with our renting farmers and laid the groundwork for an amazing year of growth and education. In every area, the Acres Eco-Ag conference boosted our efforts to explore and demonstrate the benefits of regenerative practice.   

Charles Eisenstein book promotion - Agraria Annual Fund

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Dear Friends—
What do obesity, algal blooms, extreme weather, wildfires, and species extinctions have in common? Soil degradation, and more broadly, the degradation of natural areas locally and across the planet.   Human health crises, suffocating lakes and streams, the precipitous drop in insect and mammal life since 1970 recently reported by the World Wildlife Fund, and wildly fluctuating weather patterns have all been linked to soil depletion—and the resulting disruption of carbon and water cycles. These cycles are integral to promoting and maintaining planetary homeostasis.
These systemic linkages also provide a cause for hope in the face of our converging crises. Healthy soils teem with microbial life and host mycorrhizal networks that help to sequester carbon and retain water. New understandings about how we can partner with nature to repair soils are sparking regenerative projects and research across the planet. It is our passion for soil regeneration that led us to buy Agraria in 2017, and it continues to provide impetus for the spate of new programs you’ll read about below.
Soil is a lever for change that it is available at all scales, from households to farms to communities—a true community solution!
We found a confirmation of—and an eloquent plea for—an ecosystems focus in Charles Eisenstein’s Climate:  A New Story, published a few months ago. Many of you heard Charles at our 2017 Economics of Happiness Conference.  His new book’s main focus is to reorient the climate conversation from global warming to weather anomalies, and to reorient our understanding of the cause of weather anomalies from fossil fuel emissions to our degradation of planetary ecosystems. He argues that this degradation contributes at least half of current and historic greenhouse gas emissions, and that repair of soil and ecosystems is the most vital work that we can be doing to restore biodiversity and repair water and carbon cycles. 

A sample quote: Whether we are looking through the lens of carbon or water, from the living systems perspective we see that climate health depends on the health of local ecosystems everywhere.  The health of local ecosystems, in turn, depends on the health of the water cycle, and the health of the water cycle depends on the soil and the forests.

Thanks so much to everyone who donated on Giving Tuesday! If you missed out, we will be happy to ship you a copy of Charles’ Climate, a NewStory, for your $100+ contribution to our annual fund.

The Flood Washes over us

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Written by Jody Tishmack

Originally posted on

A year ago I wrote an article discussing Hurricane Harvey.  Here we are again watching another 1 in a 1,000 year hurricane disaster unfold.  I won’t try to summarize all the other weather disasters that have been unfolding around the world this year.  This year is going to be the fourth warmest year on record behind 2016, 2015, and 2017 respectively.  Our global climate is obviously in chaos and weather disasters becoming more frequent and severe.

In the days leading up to Hurricane Florence’s landfall meteorologists struggled to find words to describe this storm’s unbelievable potential for destruction.  The storm was “biblical”, “unprecedented”, “historical”, “a monster”…yet none of the words really conveyed the reality of risk that few have yet faced.   Governors of both Carolinas took the warnings seriously and called for evacuation.  Many heeded their warnings but the fact that some people chose to stay and ride out the storm showed a dangerous lack of understanding for the danger they faced.  The media’s obsession for making storm disasters into morbid entertainment was in full form when one reporter struggled to stand against wind that seemingly had little affect on nearby pedestrians strolling by.  Like passing a highway accident we can’t seem to turn our eyes away.

The fact that Florence didn’t inflict greater wind damage when it made landfall was a fortunate break that had to do with the storm weakening after its final eyewall replacement cycle.  By Thursday evening September 13th hurricane reconnaissance indicated that a new eyewall was not likely to be completed; the eastern section of the wall not likely to reform.  This prevented Florence from rebuilding the strength of its winds and the storm continued to weaken as it lumbered towards landfall.  Instead of a Category 4 hurricane, Florence came ashore a Category 1 hurricane with sustained winds of 90 mph versus 140 or higher.

Can you imagine the damage if this storm had been similar to last year’s Maria,  a Category 4 hurricane that dropped to Category 3 as it traveled 100 miles diagonally across Puerto Rico in 8 hours.  What if Florence had completed its eyewall and turned back into a Category 4 hurricane creeping slowly along the Carolina shoreline?  Hurricane Florence crawled across 200 miles in 72 hours dumping “unprecedented” amounts of rain on top of ground saturated from a long,  “record breaking” amount of precipitation this spring and summer.  The wind damage of a stronger storm would have been an order of magnitude greater, totally flattening buildings, infrastructure, and vegetation as it moved slowly inland.  Can you imagine the devastation in addition to the catastrophic flooding that is currently unfolding?  We are still days and weeks away from knowing the full extent of flood damage.

It seems we are constantly witnessing “unprecedented” violent storms, “historic” record-breaking summer heat waves,  “ferocious” winter snowstorms,  “never-before-seen” wildfires,  and “torrential” rainfall that results in a “deluge” of flooding.  We use adjectives that try to impart our sense that storms are bigger, stronger, or greater, yet after too frequent use they seem to lose their value.  We don’t seem to realize the magnitude of what is happening or the danger.  Does a “never-seen-before ” event that happens every few years really mean something to us?  Does a “1 in a 1,000 year” event that happens twice in two years become a warning of something different happening?  Perhaps we are becoming numb to the reality of our climate changing.

Read more…

Yellow Springs Giving Tuesday


This Tuesday the 27th is Giving Tuesday, a call to our community to take the giving spirit of the Holidays and donate the local nonprofits of Yellow Springs!

The link here will allow you to learn more about these nonprofits, Community Solutions included, and fall in love with these businesses. Show your support for your favorite nonprofits like the radio station WYSO, The Antioch School, Yellow Springs Home, Inc., Tecumseh Land Trust, Antioch College, and many more.

We also want to thank you for all of the support we have garnered over the years as the growth of the Arthur Morgan Institute for Community Solutions and Agraria has been going strong as our community grows in new and unexpected ways. Be on the look out on our other pages for more opportunities to donate to these nonprofits and to Community Solutions and share #YSGivingTuesday We hope you all are having a safe and fruitful start to the holidays.

-Community Solutions and Agraria

JJJ Automotive Thanks

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Dear Mike Eid and JJJ AUTO Repair,

On behalf of all of us here at Community Solutions, we would like to thank you for your help and generous gift.  Our farm truck plays an important role in keeping day to day operations going and aids in our community outreach.

Your donation of time, materials and expertise, has played such an important role.  It has allowed our work to continue, as we strive to maintain a continued connection with the land that feeds our community.  For all of this, you and JJJ Auto Repair, will always remain a dear friend of Agraria and our mission, ‘’to explore and demonstrate the benefits of regenerative practices at multiple levels—from the environmental, economic, psychological and social, to their impact on human health and well-being.”

We would like to donate a plaque after you and JJJ Auto Repair as a thank-you for your wonderful donation and support of our mission.  The Nature Conservancy will soon begin to remove invasive species of trees and plants on our 128-acre property along the Jacoby Creek.  Native trees will be planted in their place, and a plaque will be displayed next to a tree of your choice to always remember your support and kindness.  

Will will keep you posted as we approach a date for the tree naming.

Sincerely, with all our hearts, we here at Community Solutions thank you!

New Grants for Agraria - Kids Get the Dirt on Soil Education

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Originally posted on

Written by Megan Bachman

The architect and inventor Buckminster Fuller often used a metaphor to illustrate how small targeted actions can move massive systems. Fuller noted that the “trim tab,” a tiny mechanism of a ship’s rudder, can change the ship’s course with a minute movement.

At the Agraria Center for Regenerative Agriculture, soil is seen as the “trim tab,” according to Susan Jennings, executive director of Community Solutions. 

“We are thinking of soil as the leverage point,” Jennings said last week. After all, soil health affects everything from water quality to climate change to human health, she said. 

To spread its work on soil restoration and sustainable agriculture, Community Solutions recently received several grants for educational initiatives at Agraria, its 128-acre farm just west of the village. 

Read more…

One Size Fits None: Excerpt


By Stephanie Anderson

I’m in western South Dakota, rolling across the prairie in a blue 1970s-era pickup truck, when I first see them. Buffalo—faraway brown dots on a hillside that become massive bodies outside the passenger window as we approach them, their faces accented with beards and curved black horns. They are primeval, ancient, mammothlike. They have a wise look about them, but also a wildness, as when they flash the whites of their eyes, spin around, and gallop off, showing us they’ll never be completely tamed.

I’m at Great Plains Buffalo Company, a ranch where Phil and Jill Jerde and their children raise more than a thousand grass-fed buffalo. These buffalo will eventually be slaughtered, providing consumers with meat, but they are much more than food sources. They are the keepers of this grassland. With their hooves they aerate the soil and push seeds into it. With their waste they fertilize it. Through their grazing habits they encourage the growth of grass instead of woody plants. They maintain symbiotic relationships with birds and insects. They make the prairie function in a way it hasn’t since their ancestors walked it, before we converted the Great Plains to corn and soybeans.

The buffalo show us what the prairie once was and how humans have changed it—to some, destroyed it—and this in turn is a reminder of all the landscapes we’ve changed. “Wrong side up,” said a Sioux Indian who watched a white sodbuster rip the grassland open with a plow. The Native Americans knew why soil was best left undisturbed: roots, twenty-five miles of them in a single square yard of prairie turf just four inches deep, held the soil in place, had done so for thousands of years.2 With a single plow swipe the settlers set it free to blow. Result: the Dust Bowl. Later result: desertification turning the Great Plains into a desert. Less than 4 percent of the original tallgrass prairie remains, and those defiant acres are rigorously protected. Still, it is feasible that the tallgrass prairie could be gone before I die. A human being’s lifespan is roughly how long it took to destroy 96 percent of it, which does not bode well for the last 4.

But it doesn’t have to be this way. The buffalo before me represent a new agriculture that can help restore the prairie and other landscapes without sacrificing the amount of food produced. These animals show us that there are many ways to farm and ranch, that we can change how we define those terms, that we can reverse the damage we have done and create a better agricultural future. The buffalo are walking, breathing proof that human beings do not have to destroy the earth in order to eat.

Years ago, I would not have seen the buffalo as keepers of the range. I grew up about twenty miles from Great Plains Buffalo on a conventional ranch outside of Bison, South Dakota, where my parents raise cattle, wheat, corn, and hay. Had I not discovered a love for writing that drew me to college, I probably would have stayed there the rest of my life, working alongside my father until I could start my own operation. I’m serious about this.

Read more here…

Tree Teachings: How Fossil Fuels and Climate Change Are Altering the Global Forest

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Originally posted on

Written by Andrew Nikiforuk

The world’s most ancient trees are failing.

And their demise is telling us something about the dramatic impact of climate change on the natural world, says famed botanist Diana Beresford-Kroeger.

The tree expert, who is also a medical biochemist, is clearly concerned, if not shaken.

These trees provided food, shelter and medicines for civilizations more ancient than the Romans and “are the backdrop to nature.”

In her bestseller The Sweetness of a Simple Life, Beresford-Kroeger described the global forest as “a molecular memo” that harvests one carbon atom at a time and “pulses that sweet gas we call oxygen, needed for every single breath we take.”

But the most ancient denizens of this forest are now dying and disappearing.

The botanist, who has been studying the health and importance of global forests for decades, rhymes off one example after another.

She begins with evergreens in the Atlas Mountains across northwest Africa.

For thousands of years cedar forests mixed with oak and juniper in the mountains have served as reservoirs for the entire region, ensuring flowing water for its rivers.

But warmer temperatures have dried up groundwater in mountain catchments and the blue cedar forests now are shrivelling.

Drought has concentrated the region’s 800,000 livestock, which has added to the deforestation. The illegal logging of valuable cedars has also taken a toll.

Lebanon’s great Biblical cedars are suffering a similar fate.

In one historic grove where Jesus is believed to have revealed himself to his followers after his resurrection, it used to snow and rain 105 days of the year.

Due to man-made climate change the trees can now only count on 40 days of moisture.

Climate change has also tipped the balance in favour of the cedar web-spinning sawfly, a pest unknown to science until 1998.

Global warming has brought earlier snowmelts that allow the insect to emerge just in time to munch on new cedar shoots. In the last decade the bug has killed nearly 10 per cent of Lebanon’s Tannourine forest…

Read more…

‘Hyperalarming’ study shows massive insect loss

The emerald anole, one of the main insect eaters in the Luquillo forest of Puerto Rico.

The emerald anole, one of the main insect eaters in the Luquillo forest of Puerto Rico.

Originally posted on

Written by Ben Guarino

Insects around the world are in a crisis, according to a small but growing number of long-term studies showing dramatic declines in invertebrate populations. A new report suggests that the problem is more widespread than scientists realized. Huge numbers of bugs have been lost in a pristine national forest in Puerto Rico, the study found, and the forest’s insect-eating animals have gone missing, too.

In 2014, an international team of biologists estimated that, in the past 35 years, the abundance of invertebrates such as beetles and bees had decreased by 45 percent. In places where long-term insect data are available, mainly in Europe, insect numbers are plummeting. A study last year showed a 76 percent decrease in flying insects in the past few decades in German nature preserves.

The latest report, published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, shows that this startling loss of insect abundance extends to the Americas. The study’s authors implicate climate change in the loss of tropical invertebrates.

Read more…

Agraria Awarded Ohio Environmental Education Grant

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We are thrilled to announce that we have been awarded a $50,000 grant from the Ohio Environmental Education Fund for 2019! After a competitive statewide application process, grant recipients are chosen by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, with the help of the fund’s Advisory Council. This grant will help further develop educational programming at Agraria.

This grant award is the result of a collaborative effort between Community Solutions, Yellow Springs Schools, the Springfield City School District, Xenia Community Schools, The Greene County Soil and Water Conservation District, Central State University, and the Yellow Springs Children's Montessori Cooperative. It will also synergize with our recent grant awards from the Dayton Foundation for education and building site preparation, totaling $52,500. Many thanks to all who contributed their expertise and support!

The educational project, called “Soils for Life—Southwestern Ohio,” will bring teachers from Yellow Springs, Xenia, Springfield, and other area schools to Agraria for training in soil science and biodiversity curricula. It will also fund place-based, experiential education for students from these schools during field days at Agraria. For those unable to visit, Community Solutions will supply buckets of materials and supplies to help teachers conduct lessons on their school grounds.

Grant activities start in January 2019. Watch this blog, our electronic newsletter, and our social media accounts for more announcements as we roll out this ambitious program! For more information, please call 937-767-2161 or email

Permaculture Design Course - Week 1

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Written by Sarah Straley and Ryan Hottle

The week of Oct. 1-6, 2018, was gorgeous. Spikes of goldenrod made their final saffron flourish at the edges of Agraria’s forests and fields as the honey bees frantically gathered their last stores of pollen. Abnormally warm air near the ground teased us with the sweet decay of Osage oranges and aster flowers, while the cold nights and crispy leaves of fall sailed overhead like clouds. A group of five students of different ages and backgrounds gathered to study permaculture, learn the contours of the land with its varied assemblies of plants and animals, and envision a world of abundant communities centered in self-reliance. 

The bio-designers, bringing their own rich decades of experience, met to sharpen minds and earthcare skills with a two-week, intensive Permaculture Design Course (PDC) taught by world-renowned permaculture teacher, Peter Bane. The lead PDC instructor at Agraria and a former board member of the Arthur Morgan Institute for Community Solutions (AMICS), Agraria's parent, Peter is well known for his decades of teaching to thousands of students. He has worked in tropical and temperate regions throughout the Americas, with over 30 years of experience as a small farmer, author, lecturer, publisher, and consultant.

The word “permaculture” is credited to J. Russell Smith, author of the notable and still highly relevant 1929 book, Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture. The subtitle's last two words, when combined, give us the name for this ecological design science. The core concepts in Smith’s book (food from trees, stable cultivation of the land), and in the design course (nature as teacher; human systems mimic natural ones) are centered around the understanding that integrating people, structures, plants (especially perennials) and animals in well-planned designs can regenerate the foundations of society. Permaculture as a global movement began in Australia during the mid-1970s as a collaboration between its founders, David Holmgren and Bill Mollison. These two men would pen some of the movement's foundational texts and go on to teach generations of permaculture designers.  Those hundreds of thousands of students strive to cultivate healthy food production, safe housing, clean water, and just societies in a hundred countries, everywhere with an awareness of Earth’s finite resources and its biological limits.

Peter shared, “This year's design class is small, but the students are bringing a lot of heart and intelligence to the work. The questioning and the insights are very rich.” He believes the hands-on, learning projects to manage water and soil fertility have already made a visible impact at Agraria, and believes the students’ final design projects will likely be even more impactful once they are fully implemented.

One of the PDC students sees permaculture design as conceiving and growing a place—possibly a garden farm, an edible forest, or a whole landscape – that puts earth first and nestles human nature within it. As the bankruptcy of “cheaper, better, faster” mindset becomes more apparent, a mandate to seek economically viable alternatives develops a certain urgency. The flourishing natural world human beings wish for can be arrived at by design--not disaster.

The course, which is taught around the world, begins with a strong foundation in ethics and taking responsibility for Earth, People, and the Future of Life. Understanding that our extractive economy has damaged the planet in catastrophic ways, permaculture designers are taking a fresh look at what resources the planet is losing, at what scope and how fast. We consider how the dominance of one over the other has harmed the well-being of both people and planet.  The aim of permaculture is to have lots of fruit and lots of friends as communities work together to create regenerative food systems, agroforests, and resilient, democratic societies. Some key strategies that can guide this planetary design are: the use of recombinant ecologies, modeling the best of nature, pushing succession, gardening, establishing systems using our historic opportunity of cheap fossil energy, domestic self-reliance, and an ethic of cooperation.

The first week’s 40+ hours of teaching provide a strong foundation for new designers to understand forest ecologies, design patterns, aquaculture, energy, climate and response to catastrophe—all of which leads the students to their final work on a permaculture design project at Agraria. For this 2018 class, two projects were assigned to two teams: one of these is to design a sustainable campground for program visitors that augments Agraria's educational mission; the other, to design a native food and medicine agroforest in a buffer zone between riparian conservation land and productive micro-farms. These projects will be further developed and presented during the second week of the course, set for late October. We will report on those events in a subsequent blog post. Please stay tuned to learn about the students’ final designs, and more importantly, Agraria’s next offering of this transformative Permaculture Design Course in 2019.

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What Will it Take to Avert Collapse?

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Originally posted on

Written by Richard HeinbergDavid Fridley

A lot of people are asking the question these days—including serious folks who work full-time on climate and energy policy. How can the world’s nations reduce greenhouse gas emissions fast enough to forestall climate catastrophe, without undermining either the global economy (which is still 85 percent dependent on fossil fuels) or the hopes of billions of people in poorer countries to raise their economic prospects through “development”—which historically has depended on increasing per capita energy usage?

The United Nations has passed this vexing question along to the global climate science community as a formal request to write a Special Report providing “feasible” pathways to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius while supporting economic growth and meeting the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The science community has responded by publishing papers featuring scenarios to fit those specifications. Until recently, most scenarios have relied on negative emissions technologies, including CCS (capturing carbon from fossil-fueled power plants, then sequestering it), or BECCS (growing biomass crops, burning them for power, then recapturing the carbon and storing it). Critics have savaged these plans as being too expensive and too environmentally risky….

Read more here…

The Agraria Kittens


This past winter, we were delighted to add a cat to the Agraria family. We didn’t even have to schedule interviews for the position—“Cloudy” just showed up in the barn one day, and it was shortly thereafter that we noticed she was pregnant.

Cloudy has proved herself as an excellent farm cat, both friendly and a good hunter. Now we have four kittens in addition to her, and we’re overflowing with cuteness! We need to find happy homes for the kittens, and we’re hoping you will want to adopt one (or more)! For more pictures see our kitten page; for information, please contact us.

Community Resilience Course from Post Carbon Institute


Our friends at the Post Carbon Institute are hosting a guided online course with the Security & Sustainability Forum in October. Their description:

“Our popular Think Resilience course will be led by Richard Heinberg, who will be joined by special guests Katharine Hayhoe and Denise Fairchild

The course is rooted in learning how to build community resilience, which is why I thought the Community Solutions audience might be interested in hearing about it. 

Richard covers a lot of ground during the six weeks that the course will run, and by the end participants have a really good start on two important skills:

1. How to make sense of some of the most complex challenges—climate change, inequality, economic instability—that society now faces. When it comes to these crises, what are the underlying, systemic forces at play that brought us to this place? We believe we can only achieve meaningful change through this deeper level of understanding.

2. How to build community resilience. In addition to making impactful changes in our own lives, speaking out and engaging as national and global citizens, we also need to accept the challenge of building resilience in our communities in order to weather the 21st century's multiple sustainability crises.”

For more information and to sign up, see the Think Resilience Course page.

As the Biosphere Dies, So Do We: Using the Power of Nature to Heal the Planet

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Originally posted on

Written by Dahr Jamail

One only need look outside the window to understand that human-caused climate disruption is in overdrive.

Record warm temperatures, floods, droughts, wildfires and increasing incidents of extreme weather events have run rampant across the Northern Hemisphere this summer. These events, at least in part, stem from a global temperature increase of “only” 1 degree Celsius (1°C) above preindustrial baseline temperatures.

MIT and Harvard-trained scientist Dr. Thomas Goreau, a climate and coral reef expert, put this in stark perspective.

“Today’s carbon dioxide levels at 400 parts per million (ppm) [are] akin to bringing about a steady state temperature of 7°C higher and sea levels 23 meters higher than they are today,” Goreau, who is also president of the Global Coral Reef Alliance and coordinator of the Soil Carbon Alliance, told Truthout. In other words, the last time there was this much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, it increased the Earth’s temperature to a point 7°C higher than it is today, and increased sea levels 23 meters above their current level. Hence, we are now only waiting for the planet to catch up to what we’ve done to the atmosphere.

More than three decades ago, Goreau and some of his colleagues were already pointing out that the only way runaway global warming could be avoided was by utilizing and expanding carbon sinks – a natural or artificial area where carbon is stored — as a way of sequestering carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Despite this not happening on the scale necessary to avert widespread impacts of runaway climate change, Goreau, along with many others, is as determined as ever to utilize various methods of “eco-restoration” to draw carbon out of the atmosphere.

Read more…

Why The Fight Over The Most Sustainable Diet Is Missing The Point

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Originally posted on

Written by Rick Perillo

Our food is destructive. Every piece of food we eat has altered the earth in some way. To reduce our devastation, we form rigid identities around our food choices. We belittle other identities and struggle for the moral high ground:

“You’d save more water by not eating a pound of meat than you would if you didn’t shower for six months.”

“The vegan diet wastes valuable land that could be used to feed people.”

Like-minded folks throw park picnics and dinner parties featuring their superior diets, reinforcing their worldview.

We wear badges of honor celebrating our caveman-like diet or our blood-free-meal.

While we argue over who has the more sustainable diet, agriculture continues to turn fertile earth to desert.

The food we eat, whether it is bacon or tofu, is based on an ideology of control of the land. All food has blood on it.

But, it doesn’t have to.

Farms can create wildlife habitats and restore water cycles. Nutrient dense food can pull carbon out of the air and sequester it in the earth. Our money can support farmers who are treated fairly and work to build healthy soil. And yes, it can be done while feeding the world. But first, we need to change the discussion.

Read more…