Mark Jones is the owner and mycologist at Sharondale Mushroom Farm in Cismont, VA. Sharondale grows the highest quality certified organic mushrooms and organic mushroom spawn. Sharondale Farm mushrooms are recognized as Virginia’s Finest by VDACS, and the farm is a United Plant Savers Botanical Sanctuary. Sharondale offers workshops, tools and supplies for mushroom and microbial cultivation.
Mark Jones is one of the speakers at the Pathways to Regeneration: Soil, Food, & Plant Medicine conference on Nov. 1st - Nov. 3rd being held at Antioch University Midwest.
MUSHROOMS AND MICROBES: CULTIVATING SOIL, PLANT, AND ANIMAL HEALTH
“As our planet rapidly changes, farmers must find solutions to build and retain resilience in our agroecosystems. Explore alliances with fungi that provide farmers opportunities to support and grow biodiversity, promote soil, plant, and animal health, enhance ecosystem services, provide food and medicine for our communities, and advance biological farming through on-farm research. An introduction to growing mushrooms and microorganisms as solutions towards a regenerative agriculture.” - Mark Jones
Researchers found that farmland across the country is 48 times more toxic to insect life than 25 years ago, and neonicotinoid pesticides account for a large majority of the increase in toxicity.
“In addition, we need to rapidly shift our food system away from dependence on harmful pesticides and toward organic farming methods that work with nature rather than against it.”
The study suggests neonicotinoids are a major factor in the recent decline of insects, along with climate change and habitat destruction, leading scientist to warn of an “insect apocalypse.”
Insects, such as honey bees, are the world’s most important pollinator of food crops. It’s estimated that at least one-third of food consumed by humans relies on pollination mainly by bees, but also by other insects, birds, and bats.
Neonicotinoid usage has been linked to honey-bee colony collapse disorder and loss of birds due to a decline in insect populations.
The study found imidacloprid and clothianidin, produced by Bayer, and thiamethoxam, a product of Syngenta-ChemChina were the three neonicotinoids that contributed to the increasing toxic load in farmlands.
Last year, Europe banned three main neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam) for all farming activity. Several states in the US have also restricted farmers from using the chemicals, out of fear that it could further collapse the honey bee population.
Last week Nature Connect facilitators Emily Foubert and Karen Pedersen led a group of 3-5-year-old campers out into the wilds at Agraria Farm. They caught butterflies, splashed in Jacoby Creek, and played sensory awareness games that involve transforming into animals, listening, and sneaking. The little campers trotted with their backpacks through Osage Orange forests, fields lined with Queen Anne’s Lace, and to the creek with emerald damselflies. Each day brought an adventure to scout and test out a new climbing tree. For some, this was their first time spending extended time away from a building to eat, play, and wander.
Within this timelessness of the outdoors, each child was encouraged to try something new, push past boundaries with healthy risk-taking, and speak up for their needs and emotions as they navigated conflict within the group. One child was able to lead the hiking group, while at the same time checking back behind her to make sure all were safe and close. Another child became self-reliant in her tree-climbing abilities, while another grew to be comfortable touching a toad.
Nature Connect will hold one more camp this summer, Farm and Stream Camp, for 6-12-year-olds, Aug 5-9, 9am-2pm daily at Agraria. A few spots are still available. For more information, please contact Emily Foubert: 937-475-2759, or visit www.natureconnectohio.org/camps.
Soils For Life: The Agraria Educators’ Workshop
As a Center for Regenerative Practice, Agraria is committed to outdoor, experiential education that increases students’ knowledge about soil and their personal connection to the natural world. The need for both knowledge and connection is growing—the average age of a U.S. farmer increased to 57.5 in 2017. In Ohio, 29% of farmers are 65 and older, while only 10% are 35 and younger. At the same time, the percentage of children participating in outdoor activities has fallen from close to 80% in 2006 to around 60% today, even as more and more studies link outdoor activity with increased mental and physical health.
One of the best ways to reach students is to give educators many attractive options for outdoor, soil-focused education. To this end, Agraria hosted the inaugural Soils For Life Workshop in June, sponsored by the Ohio Environmental Education Fund. Thirty-five teachers from nine area school districts traveled as far as 59 miles to participate in the two-day program. Facilitators from Antioch College, Yellow Springs Schools, Ohio State University, and the Greene County Soil and Water Conservation District guided participants through a total of 14 different lesson plans, evenly distributed among elementary, middle school, and high school levels. Educators also learned about Agraria’s many resources as a field trip destination, from macroinvertebrate studies in Jacoby Creek to bluebird boxes in our fields and The Nature Conservancy’s restoration of our riparian area.
Teachers participated enthusiastically during the workshop, throwing seed balls and counting insects as they attended breakout sessions all around Agraria; many reported being relieved and excited to participate in a professional development conference that allowed them to get outside—educators need to connect with nature just as students do! Of the educators who attended, 96% said that the workshop positively impacted their understanding of soil and its importance, with 70% reporting being greatly impacted. This is especially impressive since five teachers reported a relatively high level of pre-workshop soil knowledge. We were very excited to note that 92% of the educators thought that the activities and lessons presented at the workshop would be “very useful” or “useful” to them in their teaching.
Providing teachers with this opportunity felt wonderful. One educator wrote that “this place is a blessing. The people really do speak for the land. Finally, an educational place for environmental study that wants us along to help and gather resources.” Another observed, “it really felt like the emphasis was on getting (participants) the most out of it that we could. Loved attending with colleagues so we could brainstorm together.” Since the land for Agraria was purchased two-and-a-half years ago, we have wanted to help teachers connect students to the land and incorporate soil into their plans. The Soils For Life workshop represented a giant leap in this direction, and has already led to a closer partnership with several school districts. As one educator put it, “please keep doing what you are doing! Totally on right track to aid, inspire, and support local environmental education. THANK YOU!”
Agraria is happy to announce that the SNAP/EBT Program is back at the Yellow Springs Farmers Market! With Produce Perks, up to 20 dollars that one spends on their food assistance card will be matched in bonus produce tokens to shop for FREE fruits and vegetables. With double the value, this program is a healthy way to stretch one’s benefits. To use this program, visit the Agraria stand at the Farmers Market located at 228 Xenia Ave every Saturday from 7:00am-12pm. To learn more, go to ProducePerks.org or contact Community Solutions at 937-767-2161.
Namita Patel is the founder of Dayton Fibershed, a knitter and natural dyer. She is an analyst and volunteer at Community Solutions-Agraria and Dayton Urban Grown (an urban vegetable farm). She completed Seed School at Rocky Mountain Seed Alliance and is currently completing a Permaculture Design Certificate at Cincinnati Permaculture Institute. Namita explores the intersection of food, fiber, and farming in her analysis and experiments in the field.
“Conventional textile production systems around the world are unsustainable and come at high environmental, social and economic costs. Fibersheds present an alternative to these models - they regenerate ecosystems, create community and grow local economies. We can translate the gains we have made in regenerative agriculture and the local food movement to textiles by re-localizing our clothing.” — Namita Patel
Namita Patel is one of many that will be speaking at the Dayton Fibershed Day conference on Saturday Oct. 5th at 10:00am - 4:00pm here at Agraria. Come by to see what’s going on in the region with local growing, weaving and dying, and learn why it matters. Co-sponsored with Rust Belt Fibershed.
Get your tickets here!
Originally posted on Unenvironment.org.
The degradation of land and marine ecosystems undermines the well-being of 3.2 billion people and costs about 10 per cent of the annual global gross domestic product in loss of species and ecosystems services. Key ecosystems that deliver numerous services essential to food and agriculture, including supply of freshwater, protection against hazards and provision of habitat for species such as fish and pollinators, are declining rapidly.
Restoration of 350 million hectares of degraded land between now and 2030 could generate US$9 trillion in ecosystem services and take an additional 13 to 26 gigatons of greenhouse gases out of the atmosphere.
UN Environment and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations will lead implementation of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.
Ecosystem restoration is fundamental to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, mainly those related to climate change, poverty eradication, food security, water and biodiversity conservation. It is also a pillar of international environmental conventions, such as the Ramsar Convention on wetlands and the Rio Conventions on biodiversity, desertification and climate change.
“We have a small window of opportunity, but I believe there is every reason to be hopeful. There are many opportunities to halt land degradation and shift to a more sustainable world,” says Tim Christophersen, head of UN Environment’s Freshwater, Land and Climate Branch, and Chair of the Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration
Originally posted on RodaleIntitute.org
Our growing population needs farming methods that conserve and regenerate resources while generating healthy food—not methods that use more chemicals, polluting the environment in order to grow more corn to feed more feedlot animals.
Organic can compete with conventional yields and outperform conventional in adverse weather. Small farmers using organic methods have huge potential to expand global food production. And only organic methods actively regenerate resources and protect the environment from pollution and toxic waste. For a healthy future, we can’t afford anything less.
We are honored and delighted to be a new site for Operation Bluebird this year. This outdoor education program fosters greater understanding of native cavity nesters with local school districts and community partners. Co-founders Bethany Gray and Kate Anderson launched the program three years ago as a partnership between Tecumseh Land Trust (TLT), Yellow Springs Schools, and Xarifa Farm. Since farmland makes a terrific bluebird habitat, and since we frequently partner with TLT, Agraria is a perfect site for the expansion of Operation Bluebird. Many thanks to our sponsor, the Ohio Environmental Education Fund. During the six visits by McKinney Middle School 7th graders, the students have observed two active eastern bluebird nests; this week brought the first hatchlings to Agraria! And that's not all--Agraria Sustainable Land Manager and Naturalist Gabby Amrhein reported that "as of right now we not only have 2 bluebird nests, we also have several other species nesting this year, and we observed 39 species of birds during monitoring; as of today Agraria is a stopover point and/or home to more than 100 bird species!"
Written by CIAT Comunicaciones
Originally posted on blog.ciat.cgiar.org
By 2040, rainfall on wheat, soybean, rice and maize will have changed, even if Paris Agreement emissions targets are met. Projections show parts of Europe, Africa, the Americas and Australia will be drier, while the tropics and north will be wetter.
Even if humans radically reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the short term, important crop-growing regions of the world can expect changes to rainfall patterns by 2040. In fact, some regions are already experiencing new climatic regimes compared with just a generation ago. The study, published March 11 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, warns that up to 14 percent of land dedicated to wheat, maize, rice and soybean will be drier, while up to 31 percent will be wetter.
The study uses four emissions scenarios from low to high to predict time of emergence (TOE) of permanent precipitation changes, meaning the year by which precipitation changes remain permanently outside their historical variation in a specific location. The research shows that quick action on emissions – in line with 2015’s Paris Agreement – would push TOE projections deeper into the future or reduce the size of affected areas.
Drier regions include Southwestern Australia, Southern Africa, southwestern South America, and the Mediterranean, according to the study. Wheat cropland in Central Mexico is also headed for a drier future. Wetter areas include Canada, Russia, India and the Eastern United States.
The four crops in the study represent about 40 percent of global caloric intake and the authors say that, regardless of how much mitigation is achieved, all regions – both wetter and drier – need to invest in adaptation, and do so urgently in areas expected to see major changes in the next couple of decades. However, in the scenarios with low greenhouse gas emissions, most regions have two-three decades more to adapt than under high-emission scenarios.
Low-emission scenarios, the authors stressed, likely imply less need for potentially costly adaptation to new rainfall regimes.
Read more here..
Written by Sam Levin
Originally posted on organicconsumers.com
A federal jury in San Francisco found Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide was a substantial factor in causing the cancer of a California man, in a landmark verdict that could affect hundreds of other cases.
Edwin Hardeman of Santa Rosa was the first person to challenge Monsanto’s Roundup in a federal trial and alleged that his exposure to Roundup caused him to develop non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), a cancer that affects the immune system.
In the next phase of the case, the jury will weigh liability and damages, and Hardeman’s lawyers will present arguments about Monsanto’s influence on government regulators and cancer research.
During the trial, the 70-year-old Santa Rosa man testified that he had sprayed the herbicide for nearly three decades and at one time got it on his skin before he was diagnosed with cancer. He used the chemical to control weeds and poison oak on his properties, starting in 1986.
Written by Tom Goreau
Originally posted on Globalcoral.org
Thomas J. F. Goreau, PhD
President, Global Coral Reef Alliance
Ecosystem restoration pioneer John Todd begins his new book with “I am writing this book based on the belief that humanity will soon become involved in a deep and abiding worldwide partnership with nature. Millions of us will commit ourselves to reversing the long legacy of environmental degradation that threatens to destabilize the climate as well as the great ecologies that sustain life on Earth. We must develop a vast stewardship initiative, which will become the great work of our time. Fortunately, there are as many ways to serve the Earth as there are people willing to engage in this vast restoration project. It includes nothing less than stabilizing the planet’s climate as well as saving ourselves.”
There’s a one word term for Healing Earth: Geotherapy, regenerating the planet’s natural life support systems, like a doctor prescribes a cure to restore a sick patient to health based on a sound assessment and diagnosis. In his Foreword to the 2015 book Geotherapy: Innovative Methods of Soil Fertility Restoration, Carbon Sequestration, and Reversing CO2 Increase (T. J. Goreau, R. Larson & J. Campe. Eds.) John Todd pointed out “Our future as a civilization may depend on returning to our roots and the mineral as well as the organic materials that sustain them……. Perhaps we could use carbon a universal currency. People around the world could be paid to capture and sequester carbon, particularly in soils……Carbon sequestration is a global public good”.
Tragically, our political and economic institutions have been incapable of rewarding people for doing the right thing for everyone’s benefit! As Todd’s important new book makes clear, with examples of whole ecosystem regeneration using rock powders and biochar to nurture much more productive and diverse ecosystems in very different settings, the methods exist to do the right thing and regenerate the planet. There are many more such methods that have been developed for every habitat. Sadly, they are not being used on the scale needed only because of the ignorance, or lack of will, of those in charge.
Read more here…
Originally posted on wyso.org
Written by Renee Wilde
Melissa and Ryan meet through their shared love of music and traded in the rock and roll lifestyle for farm life. Now they’re raising two young daughters, along with a variety of organic crops and animals.
The change from traditional to organic farming was an idea that Ryan and his father had both shared.
"I never wanted to come back here and spray. That was the part I hated the most," says Ryan. "Anybody that’s a young farmer starting now, and even people who majored in agriculture at a university, their first job anywhere is going to be probably at a co-op mixing chemicals, or out spraying them. I don’t think that they realize the danger they're putting themselves in, as well as everybody else who's exposed to it. And that’s scary, and I think it’s going to be interesting how health plays out, not only in the food system, but in the people who are growing the food."
The farm is now a totally organic operation. Oats is one of their big crops, along with hay, sunflowers, and harvesting grass seed to resell.
Originally posted on patagonia.com
Written by Brad Wieners
When he was 22 and away at college, Charles Massy got a fateful shock: His father had suffered a severe heart attack, and while it wasn’t immediately fatal, it was clear his dad could no longer run the family farm back home in the Monaro region of New South Wales, Australia. Within days, Massy had shelved his studies and found himself standing in a paddock amid 25 dead merino sheep.
Massy grew up on the farm but hadn’t taken much interest in how to manage it, and now he was scrambling. He figured out that an intestinal worm had killed the sheep, but only after helping to spread it on the property. This was the mid-1970s, during the pre-internet, Olivia Newton-John era, so he hit the library for whatever scientific literature he could find. He read his dad’s books. He consulted the few Department of Agriculture agents who’d give him the time. Embracing the conventional best practices of the time, he soon ran the farm into the ground. When a multi-year drought hit, he nearly lost it altogether. There must be a better way, he thought.
There was—is—and Massy has devoted the years since to becoming a leading practitioner, scholar and writer on a collection of ecological grazing and farming practices that are today commonly grouped under the umbrella of “regenerative organic agriculture”. Massy’s own progress required plenty of trial-and-error and enduring some withering skepticism, but he restored his family’s land so that it was more resilient to fluctuations in climate, and supported robust, more profitable merino sheep (for wool) and beef cattle. It continues to.
Recently, Massy, now in his late 60s, paid a visit to our Ventura headquarters to speak about his book Call of the Reed Warbler. For Massy, the trip felt a bit like a pilgrimage. He’d been an early customer of Yvon Chouinard’s climbing equipment in the 1970s; over dinner, Massy realized he’d missed Yvon and Rick Ridgeway by a single season when he arrived on Amne Machinback in 1981. For Patagonia, Massy’s visit was an opportunity to hear from an expert on what we’ve identified as one of the most promising ways to save our home planet. “Regen ag” represents a model for not only doing less harm but also doing more good—call it a blueprint for cooling the earth.
Read more here…
Originally posted on advancingecoag.com
Written by John Kempf
Optimal Nutrition Enables Advanced Function in Plants
As soils and crops transition with regenerative farming practices, they pass through stages of increasingly better health. The progression to better health restores the natural and biological abilities of the plant and soil system. During this process, plants will demonstrate increasing immunity to soil and airborne pathogens, better resistance to insects, improved production of lipids leading to stronger cell membranes for tastier fruit with better shelf life, and more.
Levels one and two of plant health are purely a function of nutritional integrity and are usually not difficult to achieve with most crops and most soils, especially when we have the opportunity to use foliar applications of plant nutritional supplements. On most crops, we usually expect to reach level one and level two in the first 3-4 months.
Levels 3 and 4 are not as straightforward to accomplish as the first two levels. In order to get to level 3, it is imperative that we have a healthy, vigorous soil digestive system capable of providing a majority of the plant’s nutritional requirements. Without this microbial digestive process in place, the plants will never have the surplus energy required to achieve high levels of lipid production and energy storage.
In the first two levels of the Plant Health Pyramid™, changes are taking place in the plant chemistry. The third and fourth stages involve changes in biology and are only achieved through regenerative agriculture.
originally posted on civileats.com
Today, Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Senator Ed Markey (D-MA) released their much-anticipated Green New Deal with the goal of creating millions of jobs by expanding renewable energy and de-carbonizing the economy over the next 10 years.
It’s a sweeping attempt to reorient energy production and shift public resources in an urgent bid to make the U.S. carbon-neutral by 2030. And it comes at a crucial moment, as dire scientific evidence shows the world needs to act fast over the next 12 years to avert the worst impacts of climate change.
Food and agriculture, which is responsible for 9 percent of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions, is included in several aspects of the 14-page House Resolution released by Ocasio-Cortez today. Primarily, the resolution notes the importance of “working collaboratively with farmers and ranchers in the United States to eliminate pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from the agricultural sector” through supporting family farming; “investing in sustainable farming and land use practices that increase soil health”; and “building a more sustainable food system that ensures universal access to healthy food.”
The need for a food-system overhaul also gets a shout-out in the closing line of the resolution, which notes that the projects required by a Green New Deal will include “providing all people of the United States with … access to clean water, clean air, healthy and affordable food, and nature.”
Agriculture’s presence in the Green New Deal is the result of a palpable urgency that has emerged in food and farming movements to make sure that the effort not only reduces industrial agriculture’s massive carbon emissions, but also transforms a host of environmental problems and inequities embedded in how America’s food is produced.
“The Green New Deal sets a bold vision for dealing with the climate change crisis, which will soon escalate into a full-blown disaster if we don’t make the kinds of changes outlined in this plan. There are many good ideas in this resolution, but this is just the first step in the process,” Representative Chellie Pingree (D-ME) said in a statement to Civil Eats. “There is a lot of work to be done in the days ahead to iron out the details, like opportunities to work with farmers to trap more carbon in the soil. But I’m confident that we can pass something in the House and send it to the Senate, because the American people have demanded action.”
Sustainable agriculture advocates have been urging the food movement to “get behind the Green New Deal” and support major reforms of America’s food and farming system. Over 100 scientists, researchers, and other food systems experts have also signed onto a letter to that effect penned by the Agroecology Research-Action Collective. The future they envision puts U.S. agriculture at the center of the action on climate.
“We need stop the industrial overproduction of food—the root cause of agricultural pollution, food waste and greenhouse gas emissions,” argues Eric Holt-Giménez, executive director of Food First. One step in this direction would be supply management and guaranteed minimum prices for farmers, Holt-Giménez says—what’s known in the farming world as “parity” pricing. He says this type of minimum wage for farmers could stabilize many struggling small growers while discouraging the culture of “get big or get out.” “This way, we eliminate food waste and resource waste at the point of production, capture carbon, and ensure decent livelihoods for farmers and farm workers,” he adds.
Why Include Food?
Many advocates argue that America’s food system is ripe for a comprehensive overhaul toward sustainability and equity. Today’s meat and dairy operations emit millions of tons of climate-altering methane and nitrous oxide gases, while vast corn and soy farms rely on fossil fuel-based pesticides and synthetic fertilizers to grow livestock feed and auto fuel. This system is propped up by more than $13 billion a year in subsidies and crop insurance, while small farmers receive minimal support and no guarantee of a fair price in an increasingly concentrated, anti-competitive market; more than 12,000 farmers go out of business each year. Large-scale farms receive ample backing, while public monies for organic, regenerative, and small-scale diversified farming are minimal. This food chain depends on low-wage, often undocumented workers.
“There is a renewed energy to think big, and we need to apply this thinking to reforming our food system.” Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) told Civil Eats by email. A Green New Deal, he added, “could implement some incredibly common-sense provisions to reduce the climate impacts of farming, like improving and doubling the funding for existing conservation programs.”
The resolution introduced on February 7th certainly describes a revolution in how the economy operates, and whom it benefits. But in order for that vision to become reality, the legislation that follows will need to be equally ambitious, if it’s to begin turning the ship around on our nation’s approach agriculture.
To that end, Rep. Blumenauer plans to reintroduce his Food and Farm Act, a sweeping alternative farm bill that proposes, among other things, to “help producers adapt to a changing and unpredictable climate and increase resiliency to climate change impacts, including rising temperatures and extreme weather events, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.”
Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR) is also preparing Green New Deal legislation, according to spokesperson Martina McLennan. Merkley plans to fight for a measure that “provides incentives, technical assistance, and funding to support low-carbon farming, water and soil conservation, and sustainable agriculture.” Despite ample scientific literature showing that producing less meat and dairy is central to tackling carbon emissions, any congressional challenge to the meat and dairy industries—powerful groups with massive lobbying might—will undoubtedly see pushback. The EPA has been prevented from reporting livestock emissions since 2008.
“I want to talk about the impact that concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have on the environment and what we can do to mitigate it,” said Blumenauer. “We shouldn’t be incentivizing them through programs like the Environmental Quality Incentives Program; we should be forcing them to pay for the damage they cause to the environment and public health.”
by Community Solutions Executive Director Susan Jennings
originally published in The Yellow Springs News
This January saw wildfires in Cape Town and Tasmania and continued record highs, including in Australia, where temperatures are so elevated that heat-addled bats are falling from trees. In Ohio, we saw temperature swings of 65 degrees within one two-week period. January is named after Janus, the Greek god of beginnings and transitions. We are currently in a long-arc transition from the stable weather patterns that underlay the development of our current civilization and agricultural systems to wind, water, fire, and temperature anomalies becoming the global norm.
While climate consciousness is rising with sea levels, and manifesting in student protests and multi-billion dollar schemes to seed the ocean with iron filings, another kind of consciousness is also growing: one that recognizes climate change as one of an intersecting series of calamities, including algal blooms, soil degradation, and biodiversity loss. All have their root in ecosystem degradation. The precipitous decline in insect, bird and mammal populations, for example, closely matches loss of habitat through forest clearing, hedgerow clearing, stream straightening, and an ever increasing use of pesticides by farmers and lawn-owners alike.
This recognition comes with a multi-faceted silver lining: it suggests avenues of repair and regeneration that are available in multiple landscapes and at multiple levels. Regeneration is a term that’s becoming as broadly used as sustainability was a decade ago. In agricultural systems, regeneration refers to practices that build soil carbon and thus limit erosion and run-off and increase the ability of soil to hold moisture. Soil development also regenerates mychorrhizal networks and builds biodiversity above and below ground.
The promise of regenerative practices led Community Solutions to buy Agraria and guides the work that we are doing here. Our core mission areas of education, research, conservation, and support of the regional food system have soil regeneration at their root. This winter we are laying the groundwork for a full season of conferences, native plantings, trainings, and field trips for neighboring schools. Our next educational event is the Growing Green Conference, hosted in partnership with Tecumseh Land Trust, from March 15-17. During this weekend gathering we will explore the intersection of local food systems, local economics and the transition to organic practices. See communitysolution.org for details and to register.
In his new book, Climate, a New Story, Charles Eisenstein provides an elegant rendering of a narrative that draws together disparate threads of economics, farming, and water and carbon cycles. His main thesis is that the current global focus on emissions reductions and carbon accounting as the singular response to climate change has not only been unsuccessful but also repeats the reductionist logic that’s led to ecosystem collapse and climate catastrophe. Using historical, scientific, mythic, and psychological data, he suggests instead that our view of the living planet as filled with fundamentally discrete and separable objects that are also separate from ourselves has led us to ignite species extinctions and ecosystem degradation. Intact ecosystems help regulate carbon and water cycles, while degraded ecosystems are unable to modulate or tolerate temperature and other extremes.
As in the regenerative conversations, the recognition of how we came to be at the precipice of ecological collapse suggests multiple pathways to healing. In Eisenstein’s view, many of these are related to the healing of loved ecosystems at the local level.
He writes: Whether we are looking through the lens of carbon or water, from the living systems perspective we see that climate health depends on the health of local ecosystems everywhere. The health of local ecosystems in turn depends on the health of the water cycle, and the health of the water cycle depends on the soil and the forests…The health of the global depends on the health of the local. The most important global policies would be those that create conditions where we can restore and protect millions of local ecosystems.
We in Yellow Springs are fortunate to live in a community that contains so much opportunity for appreciation and repair of the local landscape. From grade-schoolers counting trees and macroinvertebrates and eco-camps at the Glen, to biodiversity studies at Antioch, farmland preservation by the Tecumseh Land Trust, and the active local tree, environmental, and food committees, there are many avenues for citizens to participate in learning, growing—and regenerating. We hope to partner with you, in your neighborhood or ours, as we regenerate our home, and our ties to one another.
By Tamar Haspel
As climate change climbs the chart of existential threats, soil is getting a lot of attention. Back when it supported forest or grassland, before we cleared it to grow crops, it stored an awful lot of carbon.
By farming the land, we released the carbon. Now, there’s a major push to figure out how to put at least some of it back. The Land Institute, in Salina, Kan., is on it, and I visited them last fall. “We lost about half the carbon in the first few decades after putting crops on prairie,” said Land Institute President Fred Iutzi, who was showing me around. “In some places it leveled off at about half of what was there pre-settlement, on some places it went down to about a third.”
Carbon loss dates back to the first time a farmer ever turned over virgin soil, but it’s only in the past couple of decades that momentum has built among farmers and researchers trying to reverse things. There’s a major obstacle, though: 400 million (ish) acres of annuals, crops that have to be planted anew every year. While annuals are very good at growing seeds (usually the plant part we eat), they’re not so good at locking carbon in the soil. In fact, they’re pretty bad at it.
The Land Institute is trying to solve that problem by developing perennial grains: crops that come up, year after year, of their own accord. A commercial variety is years — and possibly decades — away, but consider that it took us about 80 years to get from corn that yielded 25 bushels an acre to corn that yields 170 bushels an acre. It’s not unreasonable to take a couple decades to catch up.
Originally published in The Yellow Springs News
By former Community Solutions Outreach Director Megan Bachman
I came to Yellow Springs to study community. Seriously. It was in the job description of my first employment out of college, at Community Service, Inc. (now Community Solutions), the organization founded by Arthur Morgan that envisioned “a world of small, local communities.”
After the interview, I got a pile of Morgan’s books as part of my orientation. What struck me most were Morgan’s passages about Yellow Springs — my new home. When Morgan talked of his village, his writing came to life. Oft-discussed concepts, like conviviality, mutual aid and neighborliness, became animated as he talked about the collective commitment of villagers to their chosen place.
Nearly 15 years later, I am still an avid student of community, with most of my learning coming through practice. There is probably someone at the Emporium right now who could, by sharing their life story, give me a thesis on the topic. I still feel like I’m in orientation, while I have learned a few things, like the principle of showing up, the art of reaching out and the terribly vulnerable act of asking for help.
Philosophically, I am a Morganian. So I bristled when I read a series of questions Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg posted in a recent post on the social network looking at the year ahead. “In a world where many physical communities are disintegrating,” he asked, “what role can the internet play in strengthening our social fabric?” It seems if it were up to tech companies, we might give up entirely on such “physical communities” and seek all of our connection, joy, delight and fulfillment through our digital doubles.
In 2019, reading a newspaper is a radical act. So is birdwatching, listening to vinyl records, visiting with a friend or cooking a meal. Such actions may not be the “wave of the future,” their reality neither augmented nor virtual. But they form the basis of a more tangible social fabric in a physical community full of beings and things — stuff like people, trees, birds, books, furniture and artwork. What kind of “fabric” is it if you can’t touch it, smell it, hug it?
Writer Neil Postman says that media, at its essence, is about having a conversation with ourselves about ourselves. Media, social or otherwise, reflect a version of reality back to us. It tells us a story about who we are, what we care about and what we aspire to. These collective narratives inform our personal narratives, and vice versa. As much as the human journey is about self-discovery, our media play an essential role.
But all media are not created equal. As Marshall McLuhan points out, a medium’s form shapes its content. What kind of political discourse, for instance, can be had via tweet? Context is lost in much of the media ecosystem these days. No wonder many feel adrift, untethered, and unmoored, being primed by our media to ever seek novelty but increasingly only finding triviality. However, the Yellow Springs News — a conversation with the community about the community — moves at the speed of the week, that is to say, slowly, deliberately and thoughtfully.
In a comment on Zuckerberg’s post, someone purportedly living a few doors down from him asked him to sit down and have the same conversation with those living in his neighborhood, even as he reaches out to talk about it with “the world.” It seems Zuckerberg is indifferent to his own physical community while creating a poor substitute.
Physical communities may be disintegrating, as Zuckerberg notes. But I differ on the path forward. Why not save what is left of such places, reweaving the frayed threads of a tenuous social fabric rather than discarding the project altogether? In Yellow Springs, we struggle like many places, but here, where local arts thrive, local food flows, and local news circulates, I would argue we are somewhat more resilient, more integral.
The brave new world of 2019 holds its share of challenges for all us, including those of us at the Yellow Springs News. So far we have survived through both media consolidation and digital transformation, remaining independent, locally owned and committed to the weekly ritual of creating a physical artifact to aid in the process of knowing ourselves.
In the coming weeks we will be sharing our vision for the News, and asking for yours. In February we will launch a survey of the community to hear more about what you want your community paper to be. The future is uncertain. What is clear to me is that the more the community participates in these pages, the more viable the News will be, and the stronger the social fabric of our very physical community. —Megan Bachman